Telangana was ranked second among the States in suicide rate in the country as per the National Crime Records Bureau’s (NCRB) 2014 data on accidental deaths and suicides in India. As many as 898 farmers took their lives due to several reasons in 2014. In the year 2014, Farmer’s suicide rocked the State Legislative Assembly of Telangana.
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Medak and Warangal districts witnessed maximum number of suicides. The crop failure pushed the farmers to suicide due to decrease in groundwater levels, poor irrigation facilities, inadequate rainfall and dry borewells. With the frequent power cuts and majority of the crops depending on borewells, the farmers were affected.
The NCRB data also revealed other reasons – bankruptcy or indebtedness, drug abuse or alcoholic addiction, illness, failure of crop and family problems. Last year 23.2 percent of suicides in Telangana due to bankruptcy or indebtedness. Most victims were harassed by illegal moneylenders that led to them ending their lives reveal Human rights activists.
According to Warangal officials, farmlands dried up with less rainfall and as groundwater levels went down irrigation were affected badly.
“Telangana’s suicide rate has remained high in the last three years even as NCRB data has not given region-wise figures during 2012 and 2013 when the State was not divided. As per the available data, Andhra Pradesh shows a slump in suicides by over 50 per cent indicating the high rate of suicides in united AP to which Telangana contributed a major share,” said social scientist C. Ramachandraiah of the Centre for Economics and Social Sciences. Telangana accounted for 1,347 farmer suicides in 2014 making it the second highest in the country. It was second only to Maharashtra with 4,004 farmer suicides. At the third position was Madhya Pradesh with 1,198 farmer suicides.
Among those who committed suicide in the State, 2,954 women were accounted for 30.69 per cent of the total number of suicides in Telangana.